Laws, Policies, and Literature

The Indian environmental and administrative legal system can become far too complex to grasp without a focal point. We believe that a landscape approach to conservation, now broadly applied throughout the world (with the creation of protected areas) can also be applied to Indian Environmental Law. Hence, we chose the landscape of lake Kareri ecosystem, and identified laws (and policies) meant to protect the lake ecosystem:

Forest Laws of Himachal Pradesh, and related guidelines (also refer to an order laying out the nature of permits required for felling different kinds of forests and groves)

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

Himachal Pradesh Town and Country Planning Act, 1977 (amended up till 2018)

Himachal Pradesh Land Preservation Act, 1978

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

Himachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act, 1994

Forest Fire Rules, 1999

Himachal Pradesh Participatory Forest Management Rules, 2000, Handbook, and National Afforestation Program Guidelines

Sanjhi Van Yojna, 2001

Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and related documents

Right to Information Act, 2005

Himachal Pradesh Forest Policy, 2005 and related documents

Forest Rights Act, 2006 in Himachal Pradesh and relevant procedure

Guidelines for National Lake Conservation Plan, 2008

Shimla Declaration, 2009, and related documents

National Green Tribunal Act, 2010, and legislation in Schedule I to the act

Himachal Pradesh Disaster Policy, 2011, and Kangra Disaster Management Plan, 2012

Himachal Pradesh Ecotourism Policy, 2017

Forest Conservation Act Guidelines, 2019

Earthquake Hazard Profile of Himachal Pradesh

Landslide Hazard Risk Assessment for Himachal Pradesh

Our analysis of how these laws apply to the Kareri ecosystem is coming soon.